Eric Temple Bell. Men of Mathematics, Simon and Schuster 1986. (First published 1937.)

Carl Benjamin Boyer. A History of Mathematics, Wiley 1991.

Morris Kline. Mathematical Thought from Ancient to Modern Times, Oxford University Press 1972.

MacTutor History of Mathematics archive:

1. Архимед

Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis. Archimedes, Princeton University Press 1987.

Mary Gow. Archimedes: Mathematical Genius of the Ancient World, Enslow 2005.

Thomas L. Heath. The Works of Archimedes (reprint), Dover 1897.

Reviel Netz and William Noel. The Archimedes Codex, Orion 2007.

2. Лю Хуэй

George Gheverghese Joseph. The Crest of the Peacock, I.B. Tauris 1991.

3. Мухаммад аль-Хорезми

Ali Abdullah al-Daffa. The Muslim Contribution to Mathematics, Croom Helm 1977.

George Gheverghese Joseph. The Crest of the Peacock, I.B. Tauris 1991.

Roshdi Rashed. Al-Khwarizmi: The Beginnings of Algebra, Saqi Books, 2009.

4. Мадхава из Сангамаграмы

George Gheverghese Joseph. The Crest of the Peacock, I.B. Tauris 1991.

5. Джироламо Кардано

Girolamo Cardano. The Book of My Life, NYRB Classics 2002. (First published 1576.)

Girolamo Cardano. The Rule of Algebra (Ars Magna) (reprint), Dover 2007. (First published 1545.)

6. Пьер де Ферма

Michael Sean Mahone. The Mathematical Career of Pierre de Fermat, 1601–1665 (second edition), Princeton University Press 1994.

Simon Singh. Fermat’s Last Theorem – The Story of a Riddle that Confounded the World’s Greatest Minds for 358 Years (second edition), Fourth Estate 2002.

7. Исаак Ньютон

Richard S. Westfall. The Life of Isaac Newton, Cambridge University Press 1994.

Richard S. Westfall. Never at Rest, Cambridge University Press 1980.

Michael White. Isaac Newton: The Last Sorcerer, Fourth Estate 1997.

8. Леонард Эйлер

Ronald S. Calinger. Leonhard Euler – Mathematical Genius in the Enlightenment, Princeton University Press 2015.

William Dunham. Euler – The Master of Us All, Mathematical Association of America 1999.

9. Жозеф Фурье

Ivor Grattan-Guinness. Joseph Fourier, 1768–1830, MIT Press 1972.

John Hervel. Joseph Fourier – the Man and the Physicist, Oxford University Press 1975.

10. Карл Фридрих Гаусс

Walter K. Bühler. Gauss – A Biographical Study, Springer 1981.

G. Waldo Dunnington, Jeremy Gray, and Fritz-Egbert Dohse. Carl Friedrich Gauss: Titan of Science, Mathematical Association of America 2004.

M.B.W. Tent. The Prince of Mathematics – Carl Friedrich Gauss, A.K. Peters / CRC Press 2008.

11. Николай Иванович Лобачевский

Athanase Papadopoulos (editor). Nikolai I. Lobachevsky, Pangeometry, European Mathematical Society 2010.

12. Эварист Галуа

Laura Toti Rigatelli. Évariste Galois, 1811–1832 (Vita Mathematica), Springer 2013.

13. Августа Ада Кинг

Malcolm Elwin. Lord Byron’s Family: Annabella, Ada and Augusta, 1816–1824, John Murray 1975.

James Essinger. Ada’s Algorithm – How Lord Byron’s Daughter Ada Lovelace Launched the Digital Age, Gibson Square Books 2013.

Anthony Hyman. Charles Babbage – Pioneer of the Computer, Oxford University Press 1984.

Sydney Padua. The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage – The (Mostly) True Story of the First Computer, Penguin 2016.

14. Джордж Буль

Desmond MacHale. The Life and Work of George Boole (second edition), Cork University Press 2014.

Gerry Kennedy. The Booles and the Hintons: Two Dynasties That Helped Shape the Modern World, Atrium 2016.

Paul J. Nahin. The Logician and the Engineer: How George Boole and Claude Shannon Created the Information Age, Princeton University Press 2012.

15. Бернхард Риман

John Derbyshire. Prime Obsession: Bernhard Riemann and the Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics, Plume Books 2004.

Marcus Du Sautoy. The Music of the Primes: Why an Unsolved Problem in Mathematics Matters (second edition), Harper Perennial 2004.

16. Георг Кантор

Amir D. Aczel. The Mystery of the Aleph: Mathematics, the Kabbalah, and the Search for Infinity, Four Walls Eight Windows 2000.

Joseph Warren Dauben. Georg Cantor: His Mathematics and Philosophy of the Infinite (second edition), Princeton University Press 1990.

17. Софья Ковалевская

Ann Hibner Koblitz. A Convergence of Lives – Sofia Kovalevskaia: Scientist, Writer, Revolutionary, Birkhäuser 1983.

18. Анри Пуанкаре

Jean-Marc Ginoux and Christian Gerini. Henri Poincaré: A Biography Through the Daily Papers, WSPC 2013.

Jeremy Gray. Henri Poincaré, A Scientific Biography, Princeton University Press 2012.

Jacques Hadamard. The Psychology of Invention in the Mathematical Field, Princeton University Press 1945. (Reprinted Dover 1954.)

Ferdinand Verhulst. Henri Poincaré, Springer 2012.

19. Давид Гильберт

Constance Reid. Hilbert, Springer 1970.

Ben Yandell. The Honors Class: Hilbert’s Problems and Their Solvers (second edition), A.K. Peters / CRC Press 2003.

20. Эмми Нётер

Auguste Dick. Emmy Noether: 1882–1935, Birkhäuser 1981.

M.B.W. Tent. Emmy Noether: The Mother of Modern Algebra, A.K. Peters / CRC Press 2008.

21. Сриниваса Рамануджан

Bruce C. Berndt and Robert A. Rankin. Ramanujan: Letters and Commentary, American Mathematical Society 1995.

Robert Kanigel. The Man Who Knew Infinity – A Life of the Genius Ramanujan, Scribner’s 1991.

S.R. Ranganathan. Ramanujan; The Man and the Mathematician (reprint), Ess Ess Publications 2009.

22. Курт Гёдель

Gabriella Crocco and Eva-Maria Engelen. Kurt Gödel, Philosopher-Scientist, Publications de l’Université de Provence 2016.

John Dawson. Logical Dilemmas: The Life and Work of Kurt Gödel, A.K. Peters / CRC Press 1996.

23. Алан Тьюринг

Michael Smith. The Secrets of Station X: How the Bletchley Park Codebreakers Helped Win the War, Biteback Publishing 2011.

Dermot Turing. Prof: Alan Turing Decoded, The History Press 2016.

24. Бенуа Мандельброт

Michael Frame and Nathan Cohen (eds.). Benoit Mandelbrot: a Life in Many Dimensions, World Scientific, Singapore 2015.

Benoit Mandelbrot. The Fractalist: Memoir of a Scientific Maverick, Vintage 2014.

25. Уильям Тёрстон

David Gabai and Steve Kerckhoff (eds.). William P. Thurston, 1946–2012. Notices of the American Mathematical Society 62 (2015) 1318–1332; 63 (2016) 31–41.