Глава 1. Управляющий мозг

1 S. B. Chapman et al., ‘Shorter term aerobic exercise improves brain, cognition, and cardiovascular fitness in aging’, Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2013, vol. 5

2 V. Dietz, ‘Spinal cord pattern generators for locomotion’, Clinical Neurophysiology, 2003, 114 (8), pp. 1379–89

3 S. M. Ebenholtz, M. M. Cohen and B. J. Linder, ‘The possible role of nystagmus in motion sickness: A hypothesis’, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 1994, 65 (11), pp. 1032–5

4 R. Wrangham, Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human, Basic Books, 2009

5 ‘Two Shakes-a-Day Diet Plan – Lose weight and keep it off’, http://www.nutritionexpress.com/article+index/diet+weight+loss/ diet+plans+tips/showarticle. aspx?id=1904 (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

6 M. Mosley, ‘The second brain in our stomachs’, http://www.bbc. co.uk/news/health-18779997 (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

7 A. D. Milner and M. A. Goodale, The Visual Brain in Action, Oxford University Press, (Oxford Psychology Series no. 27), 1995

8 R. M. Weiler, ‘Olfaction and taste’, Journal of Health Education, 1999, 30 (1), pp. 52–3

9 T. C. Adam and E. S. Epel, ‘Stress, eating and the reward system’, Physiology & Behavior, 2007, 91 (4), pp. 449–58

10 S. Iwanir et al., ‘The microarchitecture of C. elegans behavior during lethargus: Homeostatic bout dynamics, a typical body posture, and regulation by a central neuron’, Sleep, 2013, 36 (3), p. 385

11 A. Rechtschaffen et al., ‘Physiological correlates of prolonged sleep deprivation in rats’, Science, 1983, 221 (4606), pp. 182–4

12 G. Tononi and C. Cirelli, ‘Perchance to prune’, Scientific American, 2013, 309 (2), pp. 34–9

13 N. Gujar et al., ‘Sleep deprivation amplifies reactivity of brain reward networks, biasing the appraisal of positive emotional experiences’, Journal of Neuroscience, 2011, 31 (12), pp. 4466–74

14 J. M. Siegel, ‘Sleep viewed as a state of adaptive inactivity’, Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2009, 10 (10), pp. 747–53

15 C. M. Worthman and M. K. Melby, ‘Toward a comparative developmental ecology of human sleep’, in M. A. Carskadon (ed.), Adolescent Sleep Patterns, Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. 69–117

16 S. Daan, B. M. Barnes and A. M. Strijkstra, ‘Warming up for sleep? – Ground squirrels sleep during arousals from hibernation’, Neuroscience Letters, 1991, 128 (2), pp. 265–8

17 J. Lipton and S. Kothare, ‘Sleep and Its Disorders in Childhood’, in A. E. Elzouki (ed.), Textbook of Clinical Pediatrics, Springer, 2012, pp. 3363–77

18 P. L. Brooks and J. H. Peever, ‘Identification of the transmitter and receptor mechanisms responsible for REM sleep paralysis’, Journal of Neuroscience, 2012, 32 (29), pp. 9785–95

19 H. S. Driver and C. M. Shapiro, ‘ABC of sleep disorders. Parasomnias’, British Medical Journal, 1993, 306 (6882), pp. 921–4

20 ‘5 Other Disastrous Accidents Related To Sleep Deprivation’, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/03/sleep-deprivation-accidents-disasters_n_4380349.html (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

21 M. Steriade, Thalamus, Wiley Online Library, [1997], 2003

22 M. Davis, ‘The role of the amygdala in fear and anxiety’, Annual Review of Neuroscience, 1992, 15 (1), pp. 353–75

23 A. S. Jansen et al., ‘Central command neurons of the sympathetic nervous system: Basis of the fight-or-flight response’, Science, 1995, 270 (5236), pp. 644–6

24 J. P. Henry, ‘Neuroendocrine patterns of emotional response’, in R. Plutchik and H. Kellerman (eds), Emotion: Theory, Research and Experience, vol. 3: Biological Foundations of Emotion, Academic Press, 1986, pp. 37–60

25 F. E. R. Simons, X. Gu and K. J. Simons, ‘Epinephrine absorption in adults: Intramuscular versus subcutaneous injection’, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2001, 108 (5), pp. 871–3

Глава 2. Дар памяти (сохраните чек)

1 N. Cowan, ‘The magical mystery four: How is working memory capacity limited, and why?’ Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2010, 19 (1): pp. 51–7

2 J. S. Nicolis and I. Tsuda, ‘Chaotic dynamics of information processing: The “magic number seven plus-minus two” revisited’, Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 1985, 47 (3), pp. 343–65

3 P. Burtis, P., ‘Capacity increase and chunking in the development of short-term memory’, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1982, 34 (3), pp. 387–413

4 C. E. Curtis and M. D’Esposito, ‘Persistent activity in the prefrontal cortex during working memory’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2003, 7 (9), pp. 415–23

5 E. R. Kandel and C. Pittenger, ‘The past, the future and the biology of memory storage’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 1999, 354 (1392), pp. 2027–52

6 D. R. Godden and A. D. Baddeley, ‘Context-dependent memory in two natural environments: On land and underwater’, British Journal of Psychology, 1975, 66 (3), pp. 325–31

7 R. Blair, ‘Facial expressions, their communicatory functions and neuro-cognitive substrates’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2003, 358 (1431), pp. 561–72

8 R. N. Henson, ‘Short-term memory for serial order: The start-end model’, Cognitive Psychology, 1998, 36 (2), pp. 73–137

9 W. Klimesch, The Structure of Long-term Memory: A Connectivity Model of Semantic Processing, Psychology Press, 2013

10 K. Okada, K. L. Vilberg and M. D. Rugg, ‘Comparison of the neural correlates of retrieval success in tests of cued recall and recognition memory’, Human Brain Mapping, 2012, 33 (3), pp. 523–33

11 H. Eichenbaum, The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2011

12 E. E. Bouchery et al., ‘Economic costs of excessive alcohol consumption in the US, 2006’, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2011, 41 (5), pp. 516–24

13 A. Ameer and R. R. Watson, ‘The Psychological Synergistic Effects of Alcohol and Caffeine’, in R. R. Watson et al., Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences, Springer, 2013, pp. 265–70

14 L. E. McGuigan, Cognitive Effects of Alcohol Abuse: Awareness by Students and Practicing Speech-language Pathologists, Wichita State University, 2013

15 T. R. McGee et al., ‘Alcohol consumption by university students: Engagement in hazardous and delinquent behaviours and experiences of harm’, in The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2012, Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, 2012

16 K. Poikolainen, K. Leppänen and E. Vuori, ‘Alcohol sales and fatal alcohol poisonings: A time series analysis’, Addiction, 2002, 97 (8), pp. 1037–40

17 B. M. Jones and M. K. Jones, ‘Alcohol and memory impairment in male and female social drinkers’, in I. M. Bimbaum and E. S. Parker (eds) Alcohol and Human Memory (PLE: Memory), 2014, 2, pp. 127–40

18 D. W. Goodwin, ‘The alcoholic blackout and how to prevent it’, in I. M. Bimbaum and E. S. Parker (eds) Alcohol and Human Memory,2014, 2, pp. 177–83

19 H. Weingartner and D. L. Murphy, ‘State-dependent storage and retrieval of experience while intoxicated’, in I. M. Bimbaum and E. S. Parker (eds) Alcohol and Human Memory (PLE: Memory), 2014,2, pp. 159–75

20 J. Longrigg, Greek Rational Medicine: Philosophy and Medicine from Alcmaeon to the Alexandrians, Routledge, 2013

21 A. G. Greenwald, ‘The totalitarian ego: Fabrication and revision of personal history’, American Psychologist, 1980, 35 (7), p. 603

22 U. Neisser, ‘John Dean’s memory: A case study’, Cognition, 1981, 9 (1), pp. 1–22

23 M. Mather and M. K. Johnson, ‘Choice-supportive source monitoring: Do our decisions seem better to us as we age?’, Psychology and Aging, 2000, 15 (4), p. 596

24 Learning and Motivation, 2004, 45, pp. 175–214

25 C. A. Meissner and J. C. Brigham, ‘Thirty years of investigating the own-race bias in memory for faces: A meta-analytic review’, Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 2001, 7 (1), p. 3

26 U. Hoffrage, R. Hertwig and G. Gigerenzer, ‘Hindsight bias: A by-product of knowledge updating?’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2000, 26 (3), p. 566

27 W. R. Walker and J. J. Skowronski, ‘The fading affect bias: But what the hell is it for?’, Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2009, 23 (8), pp. 1122–36

28 J. Dębiec, D. E. Bush and J. E. LeDoux, ‘Noradrenergic enhancement of reconsolidation in the amygdala impairs extinction of conditioned fear in rats – a possible mechanism for the persistence of traumatic memories in PTSD’, Depression and Anxiety, 2011, 28 (3), pp. 186–93

29 N. J. Roese and J. M. Olson, What Might Have Been: The Social Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking, Psychology Press, 2014

30 A. E. Wilson and M. Ross, ‘From chump to champ: people’s appraisals of their earlier and present selves’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001, 80 (4), pp. 572–84

31 S. M. Kassin et al., ‘On the “general acceptance” of eyewitness testimony research: A new survey of the experts’, American Psychologist, 2001, 56 (5), pp. 405–16

32 http://socialecology.uci.edu/faculty/eloftus/ (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

33 E. F. Loftus, ‘The price of bad memories’, Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, 1998

34 C. A. Morgan et al., ‘Misinformation can influence memory for recently experienced, highly stressful events’, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2013, 36 (1), pp. 11–17

35 B. P. Lucke-Wold et al., ‘Linking traumatic brain injury to chronic traumatic encephalopathy: Identification of potential mechanisms leading to neurofibrillary tangle development’, Journal of Neurotrauma, 2014, 31 (13), pp. 1129–38

36 S. Blum et al., ‘Memory after silent stroke: Hippocampus and infarcts both matter’, Neurology, 2012, 78 (1), pp. 38–46

37 R. Hoare, ‘The role of diencephalic pathology in human memory disorder’, Brain, 1990, 113, pp. 1695–706

38 L. R. Squire, ‘The legacy of patient HM for neuroscience’, Neuron, 2009, 61 (1), pp. 6–9

39 M. C. Duff et al., ‘Hippocampal amnesia disrupts creative thinking’, Hippocampus, 2013, 23 (12), pp. 1143–9

40 P. S. Hogenkamp et al., ‘Expected satiation after repeated consumption of low– or high-energy-dense soup’, British Journal of Nutrition, 2012, 108 (01), pp. 182–90

41 K. S. Graham and J. R. Hodges, ‘Differentiating the roles of the hippocampus complex and the neocortex in long-term memory storage: Evidence from the study of semantic dementia and Alzheimer’s disease’, Neuropsychology, 1997, 11 (1), pp. 77–89

42 E. Day et al., ‘Thiamine for Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in people at risk from alcohol abuse’, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, 2004, vol. 1

43 L. Mastin, ‘Korsakoff’s Syndrome. The Human Memory – Disorders 2010’, http://www.human-memory.net/disorders_korsakoffs.html (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

44 P. Kennedy and A. Chaudhuri, ‘Herpes simplex encephalitis’, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 2002, 73 (3), pp. 237–8

Глава 3. Страх: и нечего бояться

1 H. Green et al., Mental Health of Children and Young People in Great Britain, 2004, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005

2 ‘In the Face of Fear: How fear and anxiety affect our health and society, and what we can do about it, 2009’, http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/publications/in-the-face-of-fear/ (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

3 D. Aaronovitch and J. Langton, Voodoo Histories: The Role of the Conspiracy Theory in Shaping Modern History, Wiley Online Library, 2010

4 S. Fyfe et al., ‘Apophenia, theory of mind and schizotypy: Perceiving meaning and intentionality in randomness’, Cortex, 2008, 44 (10), pp. 1316–25

5 H. L. Leonard, ‘Superstitions: Developmental and Cultural Perspective’, in R. L. Rapoport (ed.), Obsessive-compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents, American Psychiatric Press, 1989, pp.289–309

6 H. M. Lefcourt, Locus of Control: Current Trends in Theory and Research (2nd edn), Psychology Press, 2014

7 J. C. Pruessner et al., ‘Self-esteem, locus of control, hippocampal volume, and cortisol regulation in young and old adulthood’, Neuroimage, 2005, 28 (4), pp. 815–26

8 J. T. O’Brien et al., ‘A longitudinal study of hippocampal volume, cortisol levels, and cognition in older depressed subjects’, American Journal of Psychiatry, 2004, 161 (11), pp. 2081–90

9 M. Lindeman et al., ‘Is it just a brick wall or a sign from the universe? An fMRI study of supernatural believers and skeptics’, Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2012, pp.943–9

10 A. Hampshire et al., ‘The role of the right inferior frontal gyrus: inhibition and attentional control’, Neuroimage, 2010, 50 (3), pp. 1313–19

11 J. Davidson, ‘Contesting stigma and contested emotions: Personal experience and public perception of specific phobias’, Social Science& Medicine, 2005, 61 (10), pp. 2155–64

12 V. F. Castellucci and E. R. Kandel, ‘A quantal analysis of the synaptic depression underlying habituation of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1974, 71 (12), pp. 5004–8

13 S. Mineka and M. Cook, ‘Social learning and the acquisition of snake fear in monkeys’, Social Learning: Psychological and Biological Perspectives, 1988, pp. 51–73

14 K. M. Mallan, O. V. Lipp and B. Cochrane, ‘Slithering snakes, angry men and out-group members: What and whom are we evolved to fear?’, Cognition & Emotion, 2013, 27 (7), pp. 1168–80

15 M. Mori, K. F. MacDorman and N. Kageki, ‘The uncanny valley [from the field] ’, Robotics & Automation Magazine, IEEE, 2012, 19 (2), pp. 98–100

16 M. E. Bouton and R. C. Bolles, ‘Contextual control of the extinction of conditioned fear’, Learning and Motivation, 1979, 10 (4), pp. 445–66

17 W. J. Magee et al., ‘Agoraphobia, simple phobia, and social phobia in the National Comorbidity Survey’, Archives of General Psychiatry, 1996, 53 (2), pp. 159–68

18 L. H. A. Scheller, ‘This Is What A Panic Attack Physically Feels Like’, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/10/21/panic-attack-feeling_n_5977998.html (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

19 J. Knowles et al., ‘Results of a genome‐wide genetic screen for panic disorder’, American Journal of Medical Genetics, 1998, 81 (2), pp. 139–47

20 E. Witvrouw et al., ‘Catastrophic thinking about pain as a predictor of length of hospital stay after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective study’, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 2009, 17 (10), pp. 1189–94

21 R. Lieb et al., ‘Parental psychopathology, parenting styles, and the risk of social phobia in offspring: a prospective-longitudinal community study’, Archives of General Psychiatry, 2000, 57 (9), pp.859–66

22 J. Richer, ‘Avoidance behavior, attachment and motivational conflict’, Early Child Development and Care, 1993, 96 (1), pp. 7–18

23 http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/social-anxiety/Pages/Social-anxiety.aspx (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

24 G. F. Koob, ‘Drugs of abuse: anatomy, pharmacology and function of reward pathways’, Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 1992, 13, pp. 177–84

25 L. Reyes-Castro et al., ‘Pre-and/or postnatal protein restriction in rats impairs learning and motivation in male offspring’, International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 2011, 29 (2), pp.177–82

26 W. Sluckin, D. Hargreaves and A. Colman, ‘Novelty and human aesthetic preferences’, Exploration in Animals and Humans, 1983, pp. 245–69

27 B. C. Wittmann et al., ‘Mesolimbic interaction of emotional valence and reward improves memory formation’, Neuropsychologia, 2008, 46 (4), pp. 1000–1008

28 A. Tinwell, M. Grimshaw and A. Williams, ‘Uncanny behaviour in survival horror games’, Journal of Gaming & Virtual Worlds, 2010, 2 (1), pp. 3–25

29 См. главу 2, п. 29

30 R. S. Neary and M. Zuckerman, ‘Sensation seeking, trait and state anxiety, and the electrodermal orienting response’, Psychophysiology, 1976, 13 (3), pp. 205–11

31 L. M. Bouter et al., ‘Sensation seeking and injury risk in downhill skiing’, Personality and Individual Differences, 1988, 9 (3), pp. 667–73

32 M. Zuckerman, ‘Genetics of sensation seeking’, in J. Benjamin, R. Ebstein and R. H. Belmake (eds), Molecular Genetics and the Human Personality, Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, pp. 193–210.

33 S. B. Martin et al., ‘Human experience seeking correlates with hippocampus volume: Convergent evidence from manual tracing and voxel-based morphometry’, Neuropsychologia, 2007, 45 (12), pp. 2874–81

34 R. F. Baumeister et al., ‘Bad is stronger than good’, Review of General Psychology, 2001, 5 (4), p. 323

35 S. S. Dickerson, T. L. Gruenewald and M. E. Kemeny, ‘When the social self is threatened: Shame, physiology, and health’, Journal of Personality, 2004, 72 (6), pp. 1191–216

36 E. D. Weitzman et al., ‘Twenty-four hour pattern of the episodic secretion of cortisol in normal subjects’, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology& Metabolism, 1971, 33 (1), pp. 14–22

37 См. выше п.12

38 R. S. Nickerson, ‘Confirmation bias: A ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises’, Review of General Psychology, 1998, 2 (2), p. 175

Глава 4. Считаешь себя умным, да?

1 R. E. Nisbett et al., ‘Intelligence: new findings and theoretical developments’, American Psychologist, 2012, 67 (2), pp. 130–59

2 H. – M. Süß et al., ‘Working-memory capacity explains reasoning ability – and a little bit more’, Intelligence, 2002, 30 (3), pp. 261–88

3 L. L. Thurstone, Primary Mental Abilities, University of Chicago Press, 1938

4 H. Gardner, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Basic Books, 2011

5 A. Pant, ‘The Astonishingly Funny Story of Mr McArthur Wheeler’, 2014, http://awesci.com/the-astonishingly-funny-story-of-mr-mcarthur-wheeler/ (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

6 T. DeAngelis, ‘Why we overestimate our competence’, American Psychological Association, 2003, 34 (2)

7 H. J. Rosen et al., ‘Neuroanatomical correlates of cognitive self-appraisal in neurodegenerative disease’, Neuroimage, 2010, 49 (4), pp.3358–64

8 G. E. Larson et al., ‘Evaluation of a “mental effort” hypothesis for correlations between cortical metabolism and intelligence’, Intelligence, 1995, 21 (3), pp. 267–78

9 G. Schlaug et al., ‘Increased corpus callosum size in musicians’, Neuropsychologia, 1995, 33 (8), pp. 1047–55

10 E. A. Maguire et al., ‘Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2000, 97 (8), pp. 4398–403

11 D. Bennabi et al., ‘Transcranial direct current stimulation for memory enhancement: From clinical research to animal models’, Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 2014, issue 8

12 Y. Taki et al., ‘Correlation among body height, intelligence, and brain gray matter volume in healthy children’, Neuroimage, 2012, 59 (2), pp. 1023–7

13 T. Bouchard, ‘IQ similarity in twins reared apart: Findings and responses to critics’, Intelligence, Heredity, and Environment, 1997, pp. 126–60

14 H. Jerison, Evolution of the Brain and Intelligence, Elsevier, 2012

15 L. M. Kaino, ‘Traditional knowledge in curricula designs: Embracing indigenous mathematics in classroom instruction’, Studies of Tribes and Tribals, 2013, 11 (1), pp. 83–8

16 R. Rosenthal and L. Jacobson, ‘Pygmalion in the classroom’, Urban Review, 1968, 3 (1), pp. 16–20

Глава 5. Вы же видели, что будет эта глава?

1 R. C. Gerkin and J. B. Castro, ‘The number of olfactory stimuli that humans can discriminate is still unknown’, edited by A. Borst, eLife, 2015, 4 e08127; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4491703/ (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

2 L. Buck and R. Axel, ‘Odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system’, Cell, 1991, 65, pp. 175–87

3 R. T. Hodgson, ‘An analysis of the concordance among 13 US wine competitions’, Journal of Wine Economics, 2009, 4 (01), pp. 1–9

4 См. главу 1, п.8

5 M. Auvray and C. Spence, ‘The multisensory perception of flavor’, Consciousness and Cognition, 2008, 17 (3), pp. 1016–31

6 http://www.planet-science.com/categories/experiments/biology/2011/05/how-sensitive-are-you.aspx (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

7 http://www.nationalbraille.org/NBAResources/FAQs/ (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

8 H. Frenzel et al., ‘A genetic basis for mechanosensory traits in humans’, PLOS Biology, 2012, 10 (5)

9 D. H. Hubel and T. N. Wiesel, ‘Brain Mechanisms of Vision’, Scientific American, 1979, 241 (3), pp. 150–62

10 E. C. Cherry, ‘Some experiments on the recognition of speech, with one and with two ears’, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 1953, 25 (5), pp. 975–9

11 D. Kahneman, Attention and Effort, Citeseer, 1973

12 B. C. Hamilton, L. S. Arnold and B. C. Tefft, ‘Distracted driving and perceptions of hands-free technologies: Findings from the 2013 Traffic Safety Culture Index’, 2013

13 N. Mesgarani et al., ‘Phonetic feature encoding in human superior temporal gyrus’, Science, 2014, 343 (6174), pp. 1006–10

14 См. главу 3, п.14

15 D. J. Simons and D. T. Levin, ‘Failure to detect changes to people during a real-world interaction’, Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1998, 5 (4), pp. 644–9

16 R. S. F. McCann, D. C. Foyle and J. C. Johnston, ‘Attentional Limitations with Heads-Up Displays’, Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 1993, pp. 70–5

Глава 6. Личность: то, что тестируют

1 E. J. Phares and W. F. Chaplin, Introduction to Personality (4th edn), Prentice Hall, 1997

2 L. A. Froman, ‘Personality and political socialization’, Journal of Politics, 1961, 23 (02), pp. 341–52

3 H. Eysenck and A. Levey, ‘Conditioning, introversion-extraversion and the strength of the nervous system’, in V. D. Nebylitsyn and J. A. Gray (eds), Biological Bases of Individual Behavior, Academic Press, 1972, pp. 206–20

4 Y. Taki et al., ‘A longitudinal study of the relationship between personality traits and the annual rate of volume changes in regional gray matter in healthy adults’, Human Brain Mapping, 2013, 34 (12), pp.3347–53

5 K. L. Jang, W. J. Livesley and P. A. Vemon, ‘Heritability of the big five personality dimensions and their facets: A twin study’, Journal of Personality, 1996, 64 (3), pp. 577–92

6 M. Friedman and R. H. Rosenman, Type A Behavior and Your Heart, Knopf, 1974

7 G. V. Caprara and D. Cervone, Personality: Determinants, Dynamics, and Potentials, Cambridge University Press, 2000

8 J. B. Murray, ‘Review of research on the Myers-Briggs type indicator’, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1990, 70 (3c), pp. 1187–1202

9 A. N. Sell, ‘The recalibrational theory and violent anger’, Aggression and Violent Behavior, 2011, 16 (5), pp. 381–9

1 °C. S. Carver and E. Harmon-Jones, ‘Anger is an approach-related affect: evidence and implications’, Psychological Bulletin, 2009, 135 (2), pp. 183–204

11 M. Kazén et al., ‘Inverse relation between cortisol and anger and their relation to performance and explicit memory’, Biological Psychology, 2012, 91 (1), pp. 28–35

12 H. J. Rutherford and A. K. Lindell, ‘Thriving and surviving: Approach and avoidance motivation and lateralization’, Emotion Review, 2011, 3 (3), pp. 333–43

13 D. Antos et al., ‘The influence of emotion expression on perceptions of trustworthiness in negotiation’, Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2011

14 S. Freud, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, Penguin, 2003

15 S. McLeod, ‘Maslow’s hierarchy of needs’, Simply Psychology, 2007 (обновлено в 2014), http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html (ссылка актуальна по состоянию на сентябрь 2015)

16 R. M. Ryan and E. L. Deci, ‘Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being’, American Psychologist, 2000, 55 (1), p. 68

17 M. R. Lepper, D. Greene and R. E. Nisbett, ‘Undermining children’s intrinsic interest with extrinsic reward: A test of the “overjustification” hypothesis’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1973, 28 (1), p. 129

18 E. T. Higgins, ‘Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect’, Psychological Review, 1987, 94 (3), p. 319

19 J. Reeve, S. G. Cole and B. C. Olson, ‘The Zeigarnik effect and intrinsic motivation: Are they the same?’, Motivation and Emotion, 1986, 10 (3), pp. 233–45

20 S. Shuster, ‘Sex, aggression, and humour: Responses to unicycling’, British Medical Journal, 2007, 335 (7633), pp. 1320–22

21 N. D. Bell, ‘Responses to failed humor’, Journal of Pragmatics, 2009, 41 (9), pp. 1825–36

22 A. Shurcliff, ‘Judged humor, arousal, and the relief theory’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1968, 8 (4p1), p. 360

23 D. Hayworth, ‘The social origin and function of laughter’, Psychological Review, 1928, 35 (5), p. 367

24 R. R. Provine and K. Emmorey, ‘Laughter among deaf signers’, Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2006, 11 (4), pp. 403–9

25 R. R. Provine, ‘Contagious laughter: Laughter is a sufficient stimulus for laughs and smiles’, Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 1992, 30 (1), pp. 1–4

26 C. McGettigan et al., ‘Individual differences in laughter perception reveal roles for mentalizing and sensorimotor systems in the evaluation of emotional authenticity’, Cerebral Cortex, 2015, 25 (1) pp. 246–57

Глава 7. Обнимемся дружно!

1 A. Conley, ‘Torture in US jails and prisons: An analysis of solitary confinement under international law’, Vienna Journal on International Constitutional Law, 2013, 7, p. 415

2 B. N. Pasley et al., ‘Reconstructing speech from human auditory cortex’, PLoS-Biology, 2012, 10 (1), p. 175

3 J. A. Lucy, Language Diversity and Thought: A Reformulation of the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis, Cambridge University Press, 1992

4 I. R. Davies, ‘A study of colour grouping in three languages: A test of the linguistic relativity hypothesis’, British Journal of Psychology, 1998, 89 (3), pp. 433–52

5 O. Sacks, The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat, and Other Clinical Tales, Simon and Schuster, 1998

6 P. J. Whalen et al., ‘Neuroscience and facial expressions of emotion: The role of amygdala – prefrontal interactions’, Emotion Review, 2013, 5 (1), pp. 78–83

7 N. Guéguen, ‘Foot-in-the-door technique and computer-mediated communication’, Computers in Human Behavior, 2002, 18 (1), pp. 11–15

8 A. C. – y. Chan and T. K. – f. Au, ‘Getting children to do more academic work: foot-in-the-door versus door-in-the-face’, Teaching and Teacher Education, 2011, 27 (6), pp. 982–5

9 C. Ebster and B. Neumayr, ‘Applying the door-in-the-face compliance technique to retailing’, International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 2008, 18 (1), pp. 121–8

10 J. M. Burger and T. Cornelius, ‘Raising the price of agreement: Public commitment and the lowball compliance procedure’, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2003, 33 (5), pp. 923–34

11 R. B. Cialdini et al., ‘Low-ball procedure for producing compliance: commitment then cost’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1978, 36 (5), p. 463

12 T. F. Farrow et al., ‘Neural correlates of self-deception and impression-management’, Neuropsychologia, 2015, 67, pp. 159–74

13 S. Bowles and H. Gintis, A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution, Princeton University Press, 2011

14 C. J. Charvet and B. L. Finlay, ‘Embracing covariation in brain evolution: large brains, extended development, and flexible primate social systems’, Progress in Brain Research, 2012, 195, p. 71

15 F. Marlowe, ‘Paternal investment and the human mating system’, Behavioural Processes, 2000, 51 (1), pp. 45–61

16 L. Betzig, ‘Medieval monogamy’, Journal of Family History, 1995, 20 (2), pp. 181–216

17 J. E. Coxworth et al., ‘Grandmothering life histories and human pair bonding’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015. 112 (38), pp. 11806–11

18 D. Lieberman, D. M. Fessler and A. Smith, ‘The relationship between familial resemblance and sexual attraction: An update on Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo’, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2011, 37 (9), pp. 1229–32

19 A. Aron et al., ‘Reward, motivation, and emotion systems associated with early-stage intense romantic love’, Journal of Neurophysiology, 2005, 94 (1), pp. 327–37

20 A. Campbell, ‘Oxytocin and human social behavior’, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2010

21 W. S. Hays, ‘Human pheromones: have they been demonstrated?’, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 2003, 54 (2), pp. 89–97

22 L. Campbell et al., ‘Perceptions of conflict and support in romantic relationships: The role of attachment anxiety’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2005, 88 (3), p. 510

23 E. Kross et al., ‘Social rejection shares somatosensory representations with physical pain’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2011, 108 (15), pp. 6270–75

24 H. E. Fisher et al., ‘Reward, addiction, and emotion regulation systems associated with rejection in love’, Journal of Neurophysiology, 2010, 104 (1), pp. 51–60

25 J. M. Smyth, ‘Written emotional expression: Effect sizes, outcome types, and moderating variables’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1998, 66 (1), p. 174

26 H. Thomson, ‘How to fix a broken heart’, New Scientist, 2014, 221 (2956), pp. 26–7

27 R. I. Dunbar, ‘The social brain hypothesis and its implications for social evolution’, Annals of Human Biology, 2009, 36 (5), pp. 562–72

28 T. Dávid-Barrett and R. Dunbar, ‘Processing power limits social group size: computational evidence for the cognitive costs of sociality’, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 2013, 280 (1765), 10.1098/rspb.2013.1151

29 S. E. Asch, ‘Studies of independence and conformity: I. A minority of one against a unanimous majority’, Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 1956, 70 (9), pp. 1–70

30 L. Turella et al., ‘Mirror neurons in humans: consisting or confounding evidence?’, Brain and Language, 2009, 108 (1), pp. 10–21

31 B. Latané and J. M. Darley, ‘Bystander “apathy”’, American Scientist, 1969, pp. 244–68

32 I. L. Janis, Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes, Houghton Mifflin, 1982

33 S. D. Reicher, R. Spears and T. Postmes, ‘A social identity model of deindividuation phenomena’, European Review of Social Psychology, 1995, 6 (1), pp. 161–98

34 S. Milgram, ‘Behavioral study of obedience’, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1963, 67 (4), p. 371

35 S. Morrison, J. Decety and P. Molenberghs, ‘The neuroscience of group membership’, Neuropsychologia, 2012, 50 (8), pp. 2114–20

36 R. B. Mars et al., ‘On the relationship between the “default mode network” and the “social brain”’, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2012, vol. 6, article 189

37 G. Northoff and F. Bermpohl, ‘Cortical midline structures and the self’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2004, 8 (3), pp. 102–7

38 P. G. Zimbardo and A. B. Cross, Stanford Prison Experiment, Stanford University, 1971

39 G. Silani et al., ‘Right supramarginal gyrus is crucial to overcome emotional egocentricity bias in social judgments’, Journal of Neuroscience, 2013, 33 (39), pp. 15466–76

40 L. A. Strömwall, H. Alfredsson and S. Landström, ‘Rape victim and perpetrator blame and the just world hypothesis: The influence of victim gender and age’, Journal of Sexual Aggression, 2013, 19 (2), pp. 207–17

Глава 8. Когда мозг ломается

1 V. S. Ramachandran and E. M. Hubbard, ‘Synaesthesia – a window into perception, thought and language’, Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2001, 8 (12), pp. 3–34

2 См. главу 3, п.1

3 R. Hirschfeld, ‘History and evolution of the monoamine hypothesis of depression’, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2000

4 J. Adrien, ‘Neurobiological bases for the relation between sleep and depression’, Sleep Medicine Reviews, 2002, 6 (5), pp. 341–51

5 D. P. Auer et al., ‘Reduced glutamate in the anterior cingulate cortex in depression: An in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study’, Biological Psychiatry, 2000, 47 (4), pp. 305–13

6 A. Lok et al., ‘Longitudinal hypothalamic – pituitary – adrenal axis trait and state effects in recurrent depression’, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2012, 37 (7), pp. 892–902

7 H. Eyre and B. T. Baune, ‘Neuroplastic changes in depression: a role for the immune system’, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2012, 37 (9), pp. 1397–416

8 W. Katon et al., ‘Association of depression with increased risk of dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes: The Diabetes and Aging Study’, Archives of General Psychiatry, 2012, 69 (4), pp. 410–17

9 A. M. Epp et al., ‘A systematic meta-analysis of the Stroop task in depression’, Clinical Psychology Review, 2012, 32 (4), pp. 316–28

10 P. F. Sullivan, M. C. Neale and K. S. Kendler, ‘Genetic epidemiology of major depression: review and meta-analysis’, American Journal of Psychiatry, 2007, 157 (10), pp. 1552–62

11 T. H. Holmes and R. H. Rahe, ‘The social readjustment rating scale’, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 1967, 11 (2), pp. 213–18

12 D. H. Barrett et al., ‘Cognitive functioning and posttraumatic stress disorder’, American Journal of Psychiatry, 1996, 153 (11), pp. 1492–4

13 P. L. Broadhurst, ‘Emotionality and the Yerkes – Dodson law’, Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1957, 54 (5), pp. 345–52

14 R. S. Ulrich et al., ‘Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments’, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 1991, 11 (3), pp. 201–30

15 K. Dedovic et al., ‘The brain and the stress axis: The neural correlates of cortisol regulation in response to stress’, Neuroimage, 2009, 47 (3), pp. 864–71

16 S. M. Monroe and K. L. Harkness, ‘Life stress, the “kindling” hypothesis, and the recurrence of depression: Considerations from a life stress perspective’, Psychological Review, 2005, 112 (2), p. 417

17 F. E. Thoumi, ‘The numbers game: Let’s all guess the size of the illegal drug industry’, Journal of Drug Issues, 2005, 35 (1), pp. 185–200

18 S. B. Caine et al., ‘Cocaine self-administration in dopamine D₃ receptor knockout mice’, Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 2012, 20 (5), p. 352

19 J. W. Dalley et al., ‘Deficits in impulse control associated with tonically-elevated serotonergic function in rat prefrontal cortex’, Neuropsychopharmacology, 2002, 26, pp. 716–28

20 T. E. Robinson and K. C. Berridge, ‘The neural basis of drug craving: An incentive-sensitization theory of addiction’, Brain Research Reviews, 1993, 18 (3), pp. 247–91

21 R. Brown, ‘Arousal and sensation-seeking components in the general explanation of gambling and gambling addictions’, Substance Use & Misuse, 1986, 21 (9–10), pp. 1001–16

22 B. J. Everitt et al., ‘Associative processes in addiction and reward the role of amygdala‐ventral striatal subsystems’, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1999, 877 (1), pp. 412–38

23 G. M. Robinson et al., ‘Patients in methadone maintenance treatment who inject methadone syrup: A preliminary study’, Drug and Alcohol Review, 2000, 19 (4), pp. 447–50

24 L. Clark and T. W. Robbins, ‘Decision-making deficits in drug addiction’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2002, 6 (9), pp. 361–3

25 M. J. Kreek et al., ‘Genetic influences on impulsivity, risk taking, stress responsivity and vulnerability to drug abuse and addiction’, Nature Neuroscience, 2005, 8 (11), pp. 1450–57

26 S. S. Shergill et al., ‘Functional anatomy of auditory verbal imagery in schizophrenic patients with auditory hallucinations’, American Journal of Psychiatry, 2000, 157 (10), pp. 1691–3

27 P. Allen et al., ‘The hallucinating brain: a review of structural and functional neuroimaging studies of hallucinations’, Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 2008, 32 (1), pp. 175–91

28 S.-J. Blakemore et al., ‘The perception of self-produced sensory stimuli in patients with auditory hallucinations and passivity experiences: evidence for a breakdown in self-monitoring’, Psychological Medicine, 2000, 30 (05), pp. 1131–9

29 См. выше, п. 27

30 R. L. Buckner and D. C. Carroll, ‘Self-projection and the brain’, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2007, 11 (2), pp. 49–57

31 A. W. Young, K. M. Leafhead and T. K. Szulecka, ‘The Capgras and Cotard delusions’, Psychopathology, 1994, 27 (3–5), pp. 226–31

32 M. Coltheart, R. Langdon, and R. McKay, ‘Delusional belief’, Annual Review of Psychology, 2011, 62, pp. 271–98

33 P. Corlett et al., ‘Toward a neurobiology of delusions’, Progress in Neurobiology, 2010, 92 (3), pp. 345–69

34 J. T. Coyle, ‘The glutamatergic dysfunction hypothesis for schizophrenia’, Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 1996, 3 (5), pp. 241–53